Study of Influence of Social-Economic Development of Territory on the Quality of Service for Population on Municipal Waste Collection and Disposal

  • Olga Khandogina O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
  • Natalia Mushchynska O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
Keywords: municipal waste, human development index, waste collection coverage, waste management, regional development

Abstract

The problem of coverage of the population by services of waste removal in the cross section of regions and the connection of this indicator with economic and social aspects of human activity has been considered. The regions are compared, the dynamics of changes of the index by years is analyzed. The dependence of coverage of services on the number of employees in the field of waste management and on the level of financing of the sphere of waste management is analyzed. These figures are found to vary significantly and there is no correlation between the number of employees or the amount of waste management system financing and the increase in the level of service provision in the region. The reasons, of the imperfections of the household waste system collection and removal are identified. The importance of correctly determining the level of waste collection services coverage for the proper waste collection subsystem organization is characterized. The study of correlation between indices of human development in the countries of the world and the index of coverage of the population by services for removal of household waste is conducted. It is found that there is a direct correlation between the indicators for individual countries. Based on the obtained model, the validity of the indicator for the regions of Ukraine is analyzed. It is determined that the values of the population coverage of waste collection for the regions do not fit into the model obtained. Assumptions have been made about the inaccuracy of public data on waste collection services in the regions of Ukraine. Waste management system in the regions of Ukraine, in particular with regard to waste collection, is currently characterized by the imbalance of development and insufficient accuracy of the indicators, and needs concerted action and measures to optimize it to ensure proper collection of municipal waste at the regional level, as well as to create an effective information and analytical system to monitor the state of the household waste management system. It is concluded that the improvement of the waste collection system should be one of the highest priorities at the local level to reduce the risk of negative impact on human life and health, the environment, etc.

References

Wilson, D. C., Velis, C. A., & Rodic, L. (2013). Integrated sustainable waste management in developing countries. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource Management, 166 (2), pp. 52–68. https://doi.org/10.1680/warm.12.0005.

Un-Habitat. (2008). State of the World's Cities 2008/9. London: Routledge, https://doi.org/10.4324/9781849772624.

Koshma, A. I., Korniienko, S. P., & Korniienko, I. V. (2016). Rozroblennia modeli merezhi rozdilnoho zbyrannia tverdykh pobutovykh vidkhodiv. Tekhnichni nauky ta tekhnolohii, 1 (3), pp. 122-130. Retrieved from http://bit.ly/3d98Mq5.

Rymar, M. V., & Dembytskyi, M. I. (2016). Propozytsii shchodo rozdilnoho zboru ta pereroblennia pobutovykh vidkhodiv. Molodyi vchenyi, 9 (36), pp. 60–63.

Radovenchyk, Ya. V., Honchar, V. V., & Radovenchyk, V. M. (2017). Poverkhova systema rozdilnoho zbyrannia tverdykh pobutovykh vidkhodiv. Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut. Khimichna inzheneriia, ekolohiia ta resursozberezhennia, 1 (16), pp. 73–77.

Popovych, N. P., Malovanyi, M. S., & Popovych, V. V. (2018). Ekolohichna lohistyka povodzhennia z vidkhodamy u selakh, selyshchakh ta selianskykh domohospodarstvakh. Visnyk LDUBZhD. 17, pp. 102–110. http://bit.ly/2QrCgpB.

Bereziuk, O. V. (2015). Struktura mashyn dlia zbyrannia ta pervynnoi pererobky tverdykh pobutovykh vidkhodiv. Visnyk mashynobuduvannia ta transportu, 2, pp. 3–7.

Bereziuk, O. V. (2014). Optymizatsiia zavantazhennia tverdykh pobutovykh vidkhodiv u smittievozy. In Systemy pryiniattia rishen v ekonomitsi, tekhnitsi ta orhanizatsiinykh sferakh: vid teorii do praktyky : u 2 t. T. 2, pp. 75–83. Pavlohrad: ART Syntez-T.

Khandohina, O. V. (2018). Planuvannia marshrutiv vyvezennia pobutovykh vidkhodiv u obiednanykh terytorialnykh hromadakh zasobamy HIS. In HIS-Forum 2018 : materialy forumu (KhNU im. V. N. Karazina, 14–16 bereznia 2018 r.). Retrieved from: http://bit.ly/2WzODUD.

Makovetska, Yu., & Omelianenko, T. (2017). Kontseptualni zasady povodzhennia z vidkhodamy v konteksti chetvertoi promyslovoi revoliutsii. Ekonomika pryrodokorystuvannia i okhorony dovkillia, pp. 35–42.

Das, S., & Bhattacharyya, B. K. (2015). Optimization of municipal solid waste collection and transportation routes. Waste Management, 43, pp. 9–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.06.033.

Rada E. C., Ragazzi M., & Fedrizzi P. (2013). Web-GIS oriented systems viability for municipal solid waste selective collection optimization in developed and transient economies. Waste Management, 33 (4), pp. 785–792. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2013.01.002.

Singh, S., & Behera, S. N. (2019). Development of GIS-Based Optimization Method for Selection of Transportation Routes in Municipal Solid Waste Management. In: Kalamdhad A., Singh J., & Dhamodharan K. (eds) Advances in Waste Management. Springer, Singapore, pp. 319–331. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0215-2_22.

Saucedo Martinez, J. A., Mendoza, A., & Alvarado Vazquez, M. R. (2019). Collection of Solid Waste in Municipal Areas: Urban Logistics. Sustainability, 11 (19). p. 5442. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195442.

Giechaskiel B., Gioria R., Carriero M. et al. (2019). Emission Factors of a Euro VI Heavy-duty Diesel Refuse Collection Vehicle. Sustainability, 11, p. 1067. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041067.

Kekalainen F., & Engstrom J. (2019). Optimal waste collection routing using smart waste containers and smart waste collection vehicles. U.S. Patent No. 10, 332, 197.

Aleluia J., & Ferrão P. (2016). Characterization of urban waste management practices in developing Asian countries: A new analytical framework based on waste characteristics and urban dimension. Waste Management, 58, pp. 415–429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.05.008.

Sridhar K. S. (2015) Solid Waste Management in Asia Pacific. Public Works Management & Policy, 21 (1), pp. 53–70. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087724x15570642.

Di Maria F., Sisani F., & Contini S.. (2019). Contribution of human labor to emissions from waste collection. Journal of Cleaner Production, 231, pp. 509–519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.260.

Haupt M., Waser E., Würmli J. C., & Hellweg S. (2018). Is there an environmentally optimal separate collection rate? Waste Management, 77, pp. 220–224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2018.03.050.

Plata-Díaz A. M., Zafra-Gómez J. L., Pérez-López G., & López-Hernández A. M. (2014) Alternative management structures for municipal waste collection services: The influence of economic and political factors. Waste Management, 34 (11), pp. 1967–1976. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2014.07.003.

Stan sfery povodzhennia z pobutovymy vidkhodamy v Ukraini. (n.d.). Retrieved from Ministerstvo rozvytku hromad ta terytorii Ukrainy: http://bit.ly/391IDXd.

Rehionalna statystyka. (n.d.). Retrieved from Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy: http://bit.ly/2QtUV4e.

Korniienko, I. V., & Koshma, A. I. (2015). Dekompozytsiia zadachi formuvannia prostorovoi struktury merezhi zboru pobutovykh vidkhodiv. Tekhnichni nauky ta tekhnolohii, 1 (1). pp. 113–118. Retrieved from: http://bit.ly/3d995RL.

Khandohina, O. V. (2019). Osoblyvosti orhanizatsii systemy upravlinnia ta povodzhennia z tverdymy pobutovymy vidkhodamy na lokalnomu rivni. Ahrosvit, 18, pp. 72–82. https://doi.org/10.32702/2306-6792.2019.18.72.

Wison, D. C., Rodic, L., Scheinberg, A., Velis, C., & Alabaster, G. Comparative analysis of solid waste management in 20 cities. Waste Management & Research, 2012, 30 (3), 237–25. Retrieved from: http://bit.ly/2QqaQQK, https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242x12437569.

Doklad o chelovecheskom razvytyy 2014. (2014). Obespechenye ustoichyvoho prohressa chelovechestva: umenshenye uiazvymosty y formyrovanye zhyznestoikosty. UNDP, 239 pp. Retrieved from: http://bit.ly/33yNVZ1.

Human Development Report 2019. (2019). United Nations Development Programme. 366 p. Retrieved from: http://bit.ly/2IXL02E.

Interactive Map with Visualized Waste Management Data. (n.d.) Retrieved from Waste Atlas: http://bit.ly/38ZlOU1.

Human Development Report 2019: Technical notes. United Nations Development Programme, (2019). 16 p. Retrieved from: http://bit.ly/3b4FvLn.

Published
2019-12-27
Section
Economics of Environmental Protection