Current State of Functioning of the Information Sphere of Economy of Ukraine
At the current stage of digital transformations for Ukraine as a European state, an extremely necessary task is to mobilize the potential of the information sphere to ensure sustainable development of the national economy, the entry of countries on such indicators of socio-economic development that allow equals to join the modern European economic system. In the article, the author finds that the development of the information sphere is inextricably linked with the state of implementation of modern information technologies, which are intensively penetrating the socio-economic system, playing an important role in the globalization transformation processes of Ukraine’s economy. The integrated assessment of the development of the information sphere of the Ukrainian economy allowed to identify its main features and current problems: low competitiveness of the information sphere; insufficient use of innovations and outdated fixed assets of information enterprises; low productivity and work motivation; reduction of capitalization of enterprises and, accordingly, problems with attracting the necessary resources and investments; there is a lack of qualified engineering and technical personnel who contribute to the creation of a sufficiently favorable and competitive environment for the relevant producers of information products, promoting the coherence of relations between socio-economic institutions in the information sphere; insufficient reliability and capacity of communication and telecommunications networks; lack of target character for the production of computer equipment; insufficient state support for projects in the field of informatization; lack of strategic framework for the implementation of informatization programs and projects within the National Informatization Program; the need to adapt the institutional environment that provides development in the field of telecommunications, television and radio broadcasting, other forms of mass electronic communication to the conditions of convergent development of these sectors of the information sphere; imperfection of legal levers to ensure media development; lack of system and integrity of guiding documents of state policy in the information sphere and others.
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