Current Trends in the Implementation of E-Governance Elements in the Field of Public Health under the Threat of a Global Pandemic

Keywords: e-Governance, public health, health care, pandemic, public policy


The worldwide spread of COVID-19 has led to the emergence of a number of useful electronic tools in the field of public healthcare. This aspect is relevant for study. Estonian experts are the first to rethink e-governance strategies in a pandemic. They offer to store public health data on remote corporate servers and to collect patient’s personal information using Blockchain technology. Modern technologies use drones, recordings of video cameras of street surveillance, connection to Wi-Fi networks to track citizens in quarantine conditions. One of the most effective tools for monitoring in the field of public health was electronic applications for smart phones. Electronic tools are relevant in the field of public health both at the regional level and in urbanized territories. Asian countries systematically implement such tools with the support and consent of the local population. And in Europe, governments are trying to protect the democratic freedoms of citizens and use the impersonal data of mobile operators to record mass gatherings of people on electronic maps. The Ministry of Digital Transformation of Ukraine has launched a mobile application ‘Diy Vdoma’ (‘Action at Home’) since the beginning of April 2020 to monitor the quarantine regime of observation and self-isolation. Consequently, the use of electronic tools in the field of public healthcare, especially during the global pandemic, gives state and regional authorities the opportunity to control the situation. However, the issue of the balance between the observance of public sanitary and epidemiological security and the preservation of democratic human rights and freedoms is remained. The practice of using e-governance tools is opens up an additional aspect for researchers to study There is an additional aspect to study, i.e. reliable and timely information about emergencies posted on government platforms on the Internet allows public and human rights organizations to control the activities of public authorities in crisis situations effectively and to prevent violations of individual rights and freedoms, to monitor the use of budget funds during a pandemic and to assess the quality of their functions by the state.


Rehlament Yevropeiskoho parlamentu i Rady YeS 2016/679 pro zakhyst fizychnykh osib u zviazku z opratsiuvanniam personalnykh danykh i pro vilnyi rukh takykh danykh, (Zahalnyi rehlament pro zakhyst danykh) vid 27.04.2016 r. (N.d.) Retrieved from Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy. Zakonodavstvo Ukrainy:

Tammann G. The Global Hack in review: Time for hacking, exploring and relearning (April 2020) Retrieved from

Vahtra-Hellat A. Coronavirus emphasises the necessity of e-services (30.03.2020). Retrieved from

Pedak M. Pandemiia koronavirusu pidkresliuie vazhlyvist rozvytku e-uriaduvannia (26.03.2020). Retrieved from Ukrinform:

Demikhov, O. I. (2019) Vzaiemozviazok urbanizatsii z formuvanniam i realizatsiieiu publichnoi polityky hromadskoho zdorovia v Ukraini. Aspekty publichnoho upravlinnia, 12 (7), 59–69.

Demikhov, O. I., Dehtiarova, I. O. (2020) Vykorystannia instrumentiv elektronnoho uriaduvannia pry formuvanni i realizatsii bahatorivnevoi innovatsiinoi publichnoi polityky hromadskoho zdorovia. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Natsionalnoi akademii derzhavnoho upravlinnia pry Prezydentovi Ukrainy, 1, 80–87. Retrieved from:

Pavlenko, A. (08.04.2020) Glaz Bol'shogo brata. Kak sovremennye tehnologii mogut spasti mir ot koronavirusa, no unichtozhit' pravo na privatnost'. Retrieved from Novoe vremja:

Zajonc A. Demokratija podozhdet. Kak nekotorye strany nachinajut total'nuju slezhku za grazhdanami, prikryvajas' koronavirusom (27.03.2020). Retrieved from Novoe vremja:

Zajonc A. Divnyj novyj mir. Vlasti ES budut otslezhivat' rasprostranenie koronavirusa cherez mobil'nye telefony (26.03.2020). Retrieved from Novoe vremja:

eMalyatko. Facebook. (N.d.) Retrieved from:

V Ukraine zarabotalo prilozhenie dlja kontrolja observacii i samoizoljacii — kak im pol'zovat'sja (07.04.2020). Retrieved from Novoe vremja: