Influence of the Ecological State of the Environment on COVID-19 Distributions
The article analyzes the impact of the ecological state of the environment on the spread of COVID-19 in Ukraine and the world. As of June 1, 2020, 24,012 diseases with COVID-19 were registered in Ukraine, 718 people died. According to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, there is a gradual increase in the incidence of COVID-19. According to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, this is due to non-compliance by people with such quarantine measures as the rules of personal protection and social distance. However, finding out the exact causal relationships requires detailed research. Although COVID-19 is thought to be mainly spread by airborne droplets and through infected surfaces or direct personal contact from person to person, high levels of urban air pollution, weather, and specific climatic conditions appear to have a significant impact on increasing levels confirmed COVID-19. Since solid particles with a diameter of less than 2.5 are a very significant concomitant indicator and a prerequisite for the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 and hospitalizations. It is estimated that the incidence of COVID-19 will increase by almost 100 percent when the concentration of air pollution increases by 20 percent. The results of the research are relevant for the formation of recommendations to public authorities to improve the state environmental policy in terms of modernization of monitoring systems for drinking water quality, water bodies, soils, air. Generalizations will be useful in the implementation of European standards in the field of environmental protection, analytical report for parliamentary hearings, recommendations for the regions of Ukraine to reduce emissions of pollutants into the air and watercourses, compliance with environmental safety requirements to combat the spread of viral infections. As a result of optimization of the environmental monitoring network (air, water, soils, sediments) it will be possible for all competent authorities to make more informed management decisions based on data on the state of the environment. And specific vector recommendations for improving the geo-ecological state of the environment (air quality, reservoirs, soils) in the regions of Ukraine, taking into account the specifics of the ecological state of each region will help combat the spread of viruses and infections, will have a positive impact on public health.
Semenets-Orlova, I. (2019) Problemy ekonomichnoho rozvytku suspilstva cherez pryzmu sotsialnoi ekolohii, Fundamentalna ekonomichna teoriia v strukturi ekonomichnoho znannia: problemy ta vyklyky suchasnosti : Vseukrainskyi kruhlyi stil, 7 lystopada 2019 r.: tezy dop. (p. 148–152) Kyiv.
Bielova, I. V., Diakonova, I. I., Taraniuk, L. M., Demikhov, O. I. (2020) Analiz faktoriv vplyvu na smertnist, sprychynenu zakhvoriuvanniam na COVID-19. Visnyk Sumskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Seriia «Ekonomika», 3, 164–173.
Systema monitorynhu poshyrennia epidemii koronavirusu (01.06.2020). Retrieved from Rada natsionalnoi bezpeky i oborony Ukrainy: https://covid19.rnbo.gov.ua.
Andrée, P. J. Incidence of COVID-19 and Connections with Air Pollution Exposure: Evidence from the Netherlands. (2020) medRxiv: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.27.20081562.
Zoran, M. A., Savastru, R. S., Savastru, D. M., Tautan, M. N. (2020) Assessing the relationship between surface levels of PM2.5 and PM10 particulate matter impact on COVID-19 in Milan, Italy. Science of the Total Environment, 738. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139825.
Environmental Performance Index. (N.d.) Retrieved from: https://epi.yale.edu/.
Indeks zdorovia. Ukraina. (N.d.) Retrieved from: http://health-index.com.ua/.
Ukraina — Zvit z analizu navkolyshnoho seredovyshcha (2016). Retrieved from Svitovyi bank: https://bit.ly/2PcgWXl.
Ohliad stanu zabrudnennia navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha na terytorii Ukrainy. Retrieved from Tsentralna heofizychna observatoriia imeni Borysa Sreznevskoho: https://bit.ly/38Ydh6D.
Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua.