Formation of an Innovative Mechanism of Social Partnership in the System of Territorial Communities Support
The analysis of the forecast of development of an economic situation in Ukraine is carried out. It is emphasized that the main reason for the lowest rating indicators of GDP per capita among European countries, as well as the lowest positions of world welfare of Ukraine is the main reason, namely — the lack of reforms that would bring our country to a new level. The concept of social partnership and its transformation in the conditions of implementation of the reform of the territorial organization of power on the basis of decentralization are considered. It is established that due to the start of the reform of the territorial organization of power and financial decentralization, a new innovative mechanism in the interaction of the parties to the social partnership is being created. The main stimulus is financial decentralization, which has «lowered» financial resources to the level of communities and made it possible to launch a real stage of transformation, when local governments become more in demand. The vast majority of public services are now outsourced, placing the responsibility for the result on local communities, which in turn promotes the activity of the residents of these communities. It is also pointed out that business in the current environment must prove itself from a new angle: to become more socially responsible, because the new system of tax redistribution encourages «pure play». This system must now be in the hands of everyone: the state, business, citizens. In addition, it is highlighted that the most powerful factor in the development of social partnership is the formation of a favorable climate for doing business. That is why now the political leadership of Ukraine is actively urging new investors to come and invest in our economy. At the same time, it is emphasized that another indicator of the completion of decentralization is the possibility of a new effective dialogue for the development of the institution of social partnership. After all, the residents of the newly formed territorial communities already know and can directly and strongly influence the policy of local authorities, setting their own priorities in the further development of the respective territory. In general, it is noted that the mechanism of social partnership in the system of support of territorial communities in the implementation of the new state policy in the field of local self-government should be based on the interests of residents of territorial communities, based on social, economic and innovative components. In summary, the potential effect of the implementation of the social partnership mechanism is identified.
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