Application of the Best International Experience when Developing a Credit Guarantee System for Small and Medium Agricultural Enterprises of Ukraine
The focus of the article is the study of the best international experience in developing the structure and implementation of a loan guarantee system to reduce and distribute risks in financing small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. Access to finance was identified as the main problem hindering the development of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. It has been substantiated that due to its competitive advantages, such as a large area of arable land, low production costs and the possibility of increasing the added value of products, the agricultural sector is a priority sector of the economy. The main obstacles and problems that hinder access to financing and the development of national small and medium agribusiness are identified. It has been substantiated that credit security programs play an important role in reducing restrictions on bank lending to small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. The basic principles of the implementation of guarantee programs carried out with state participation are given. It has been proven that credit guarantees are one of the tools widely used to support the agricultural sector of the economy. In this case, the most expedient is the issuance of guarantees that provide a partial volume of lending, when the borrowers also bear some responsibility for the return of the funds received. Based on the consideration of international experience, it is concluded that loan guarantee systems are an effective tool that can alleviate the difficulties of entering the credit market for small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. Key policy directions are proposed that allow correcting the situation with obtaining financing for small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. The mechanism has been developed to provide state credit guarantees to small agricultural producers. The most effective implementation of the proposed mechanism can be achieved by building a national loan guarantee system with the formation of special institutions specializing in providing investment and innovation projects. The theoretical provisions formulated in the article can serve for further developments in the field of small business support by financial and credit institutions.
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