Priority Activities of Small Business in Ukraine and Trends in Their Development
The main types of activity of small enterprises in Ukraine are investigated in the article. The ratio of the number of small enterprises to the total number of enterprises in the country and the share of micro-enterprises is determined. The influence of small enterprises on the socio-economic development of the country is studied. The state of development of small business in the world is studied. The share of small enterprises in the total number of enterprises is analyzed. The share of small enterprises in the structure of GDP is studied. The number of employees employed in small businesses is analyzed. The importance of small business functioning for the national economy through integrated indicators is substantiated. The branches and types of economic activity of Ukraine are analyzed and the best ones are singled out according to the number of small enterprises and their share in the total volume of enterprises of the country, according to the level of employment and by the volume of sold products. The dynamics of development of small enterprises of Ukraine is analyzed. Significant growth rates of financial results of small enterprises and prerequisites for their effective operation have been identified. The most attractive activities for small enterprises in Ukraine are analyzed. The structure of small business entities by types of economic activity is studied. The place of Ukraine in the world ranking of ease of doing business «Doing Bussines-2020» is studied. The national problems that hinder the development of small enterprises in Ukraine are studied. A comparative analysis of Ukraine and the countries of the post-Soviet space is carried out and the main positive changes and existing unresolved problems are indicated. Ways to eliminate bureaucratic obstacles by creating (functioning) direct financial support from the state and simplifying the procedure for obtaining it are proposed. The experience of foreign countries in state support of small business is considered. The problems of small business development in Ukraine are studied and the ways of solution which will promote further development are offered.
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