Global Trends in World Market Dynamics

Keywords: world markets, export, import, foreign trade, global trade, global trends, COVID-19


The article examines current trends in world markets. The effects of coronavirus (COVID-19) on the global business environment have been identified. Thus, the World Bank Group highlights the uneven recovery of the economy due to coronavirus (COVID-19), in addition, it is expected that the level of world GDP in 2021 will be 3.2 % lower than expected before the pandemic, and GDP per capita among many emerging and developed economies, COVID-19 peaks are expected to remain below peak levels for a long time to come. It has been found that the rate of recovery in countries may also differ between generations and income groups, as they have been unevenly affected by the economic downturn. Therefore, businesses will need to monitor the macroeconomic environment and carefully assess the revenue and expenditure dynamics of their target consumer groups in order to propose appropriate pricing strategies and the value of their products and services. Emerging economies continue to move from key industries to higher value-added activities in the global supply chain. In addition, global trade and multinational businesses are subject to tighter controls as consumers increasingly demand more transparent and socially responsible supply chains. The pandemic shocked the global supply chain and exposed its fragility. In 2020, world exports fell by 7.2 % in US dollars, while supply bottlenecks affected various industries — from retail to manufacturing. Governments are now seeking to tighten control over critical supplies such as medicines and medical equipment, while companies are seeking to increase sustainability in supply chains. It is investigated that the uneven impacts of the pandemic itself, the pace of economic recovery vary widely in different countries. For example, the UK economy has experienced the worst downturn in 300 years, shrinking by almost 10 %. The impact on jobs was also unprecedented and ten times worse than during the global financial crisis of 2009, when in 2020 the world lost 114 million jobs. The state of world trade in general, as well as the volume and dynamics of export-import operations in Ukraine are analyzed. Thus, the total turnover in Ukraine in 2020 decreased by 6.5 % compared to the previous year. Imports decreased in 2020 by 10.3 % less than in 2019.


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