Mechanisms of State Regulation of Counteracting Threats to the National Interests of Ukraine in the Field of Economic Security
The article deals with topical issues of defining the essence of the categories of «state regulation», «public administration», «mechanisms of public administration», «mechanisms of state regulation», including in the sphere of economic security. It is established that the system of public administration has a managerial influence form and exercises through the appropriate mechanism. The concepts of «mechanisms of public administration» and «mechanisms of state regulation» are delimited. It is established that the object of public administration is public relations, systems; the subject of state regulation are human activities and economic relations. It is proved that the key difference between «government» and «state regulation» is the interests of those subject groups that these processes provide. Taking into account the specifics of the current political and economic situation in the country, the state of the security and defense sector, the situation with the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine has improved the definition of mechanisms of state regulation in this area, in particular organizational, legal, economic, social, information and security: organizational mechanism. The key principles of economic security are identified, among which are: the rule of law while ensuring economic security; maintaining the balance of economic interests of the individual, family, society, state; mutual responsibility of individual, family, society, state for ensuring economic security; timeliness and adequacy of measures to prevent threats and protect national economic interests; the priority of contractual (peaceful) measures in resolving both internal and external economic conflicts; integration of national economic security with international economic security. The author noted that the above list of economic security principles is not exhaustive, so the system is complemented by the following principles: targeted consistency (approval of short, medium and long-term plans at the state, regional and local levels in the process of policy-making by the public administration bodies in the specified sphere taking into account the state of affairs in the field of economic security of the country, the priority and hierarchical subordination of the goals in the specified sphere in order to achieve the desired results and to achieve state policy on the basis of efficiency and quality development of the state), security and defense orientation (combination of defense and realization of national interests and processes of state regulation of the sphere of security and defense, strategic planning of actions with the purpose of effective streamlining in a certain sphere and adjustment of the system of vital security), criterion threats to the field of economic security (pursuing public policy in the defined field based on defined criteria, based on a system of indicators c indicating the predictive, qualitative and quantitative values that would reflect the situation in the state, determining the qualitative characteristics and effectiveness of public policy in the field of economic security, taking into account the strategic direction of socio-economic development of the state); competences of non-state actors for ensuring economic security (establishing effective interaction of civic institutions societies with state authorities, local self-government bodies, legal entities and individuals in the part of active participation in the implementation of policy in a certain field); openness and consistency of the policy of counteracting the threats to the national interests of Ukraine in the field of economic security (ensuring unimpeded access of citizens, public institutions and other subjects of economic security to information on the investigated sphere, efficiency, legitimacy and transparency of state-administrative decisions in a certain sphere). It is determined that in order to protect the national interests in the sphere of economic security and to effectively implement the mechanisms of state regulation of counteraction to threats in the specified sphere, the levers of ensuring the economic security of Ukraine in the conditions of external aggression and globalization transformations should be rationally applied. These levers include: organizational, legal, socio-economic and political-diplomatic.
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