On the Issue of the Agreement as the Source of the Family Law of Ukraine and Other Countries
The author has conducted scientific research of the place of the contract in the system of sources of Family Law of Ukraine and other countries, as well as the limits of regulation of family legal relations by the contract and the types of contracts that can regulate family legal relations. As a result of the study, the author concluded that the contract as a regulator of family relationships plays an important role both in Ukraine and other countries of Roman-German, Anglo-American and Muslim legal systems. The contract is a derivative source of family law and regulates family relationships only to the extent permitted by other sources of law, above all laws and other acts of family law. Treaties as sources of family law are inherent in: the orientation of parties, which may include spouses, family members, and public authorities, which have authority in matters of placement of orphans and children deprived of parental care (guardianship and custody) of implementation of family rights and responsibilities; establishment of the procedure for the implementation of family rights and obligations defined in the legislation, or the assertion of such subjective rights and obligations, which are not enshrined in the minimum legal requirements for the parties; the inadmissibility of the deterioration of the financial position of the parties to the contract in the part of the rights and guarantees provided by family law. The main family contract is a marriage contract (contract), however, participants of family relationships can enter into a large number of both named and unnamed contracts to regulate property relations of the actual spouse, the single spouse, and the former spouses, property and personal non-property relations between parents and children as well as contracts concluded with the participation of other family members or towards the placement of orphans and children deprived of parental care. As a rule, the legislator has a negative attitude to the contractual settlement of personal non-property rights and obligations of spouses, although the law of the USA and Canada allows such terms of the contract, but does not give them judicial protection.
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