The Right to Forced Heirship in the Legislation of Ukraine and Foreign Countries
Investigated the combination of the basic principles of inheritance law — freedom of will and state legal protection of the interests of disabled family members and relatives. Analyzed the principle of freedom of will which is typical for all developed legal systems. It is established that the legislation of Ukraine does not contain a definition of the freedom of will, but there is no doubt about the existence of this principle, which follows from an analysis of the Civil Code of Ukraine.
It has been determined that the institution of the forced heirship is a social security measure that is designed to financially support the category of people who need special protection.
Analyzed the aspects of the limitation of the freedom of will. The first restriction on the freedom of will is the right to demand heirs under the law against heirs under the will, another restriction is applied through the reserve system.
The analysis of the legislation of foreign countries in the field of forced heirship. It has been determined that most European countries include the children of the testator and, in some cases, the widow (widower) and the parents of the testator as forced heirs; instead, Ukrainian law classifies the number of forced heirs as minor, adult disabled children of the testator, disabled widows (widowers) and disabled parents. Have been studied the novelties of the legal regulation of inheritance of the forced share in Austria, Hungary, Belgium and other European countries. Investigated the tendency to reduce the number of obligatory heirs by depriving the widow (widower) and the parents of the testator. But it is possible for these persons to go to court with a lawsuit on establishing usufruct on the property of the testator.
Reid, K. G. C., deWaal, M. J., & Zimmermann, R. (2007). Exploring the law of succession: studies national, historical and comparative. Edinburgh, 253 r.
Grazhdanskoye protsessualnoye ulozheniye Germanii: Vvod. zakon k Grazhdanskomu protsessualnomu ulozheniyu (2006) (Bergmann, V., transl.). Moskva: Volters Kluver
Kodeks cywilny Polski. Ustawa z dnia 23 kwietnia 1964 r. (n.d.). Retrieved from Kodeks-cywilny: http://bit.ly/2TPSVp3.
Regulation (EU) № 650/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on jurisdiction, applicable law, recognition and enforcement of decisions and acceptance and enforcement of authentic instruments in matters of succession and on the creation of a European Certificate of Succession. (n.d.). Retrieved from EUR-Lex: http://bit.ly/2Qe9cBP.
Vseobshchiy grazhdanskiy kodeks Avstrii. (2011). (Maslov S. S., transl.). Moskva: Infotropik Media.
Medvedev, S. N. (2015). Nasledovaniye po zaveshchaniyu v ispanskom prave. Nasledstvennoye i semeynoye pravo: teoriya i pravoprimenitelnaya praktika. (pp. 199–203). Stavropol: SKFU.
Cydigo Civil espaco. Real Decreto de 24 de julio de 1889 por el que se publica el Código Civil. (n.d.). Retrieved from Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado: http://bit.ly/2TL1260.
Lust, S. (n.d.). Bill conserning the reform of the Belgian inheritance law adopted. Retrieved from Law Business Research: http://bit.ly/38LDGS7.
Inheritance tax in the Netherlands, Dutch inheritance law, and Dutch wills. (n.d.). Retrieved from Expatica Communications B.V.: http://bit.ly/2U3DzvL.
Code civil. (n.d.). Retrieved from Légifrance: http://bit.ly/3aW2PuH.
Merkulova, T. A. (2014). Novyy Grazhdanskiy kodeks Vengrii. Zhurnal zarubezhnogo zakonodatelstva i sravnitelnogo pravovedeniya, 2, pp. 226–233.
Grazhdanskiy kodeks Gruzii : prinyat 26.06.1997 g.; vveden v deystviye s 25.11.1997 g. (n.d.). Retrieved from Yuridicheskaya Rossiya: http://bit.ly/2Wb6ctG.
Inheritance tax and inheritance law in United Kingdom (2018, April 18). Retrieved from Global Property Guide: http://bit.ly/3cXUKaI.
Tsyvilnyi kodeks Ukrainy vid 16.01.2003 r. № 435–IV. (n.d.). Retrieved from Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy. Zakonodavstvo Ukrainy: http://bit.ly/2w1seVb.
Pro sudovu praktyku u spravakh pro spadkuvannia : postanova Plenumu Verkhovnoho Sudu Ukrainy vid 30.05.2008 r. № 7. (n.d.). Retrieved from Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy. Zakonodavstvo Ukrainy: http://bit.ly/2Wb5nRQ.
Fursa, S. Ya., Fursa, Ye. I. (2002). Spadkove pravo. Teoriia ta praktyka. Kyiv: Atika.