Foreign Experience in Ensuring Secrecy during the Fight against Crime by Police Units
An effective system of protection of state secrets is one of the guarantees of preserving the integrity and inviolability of any country, regardless of its location. In the context of the protracted armed conflict in eastern Ukraine, this issue is becoming particularly relevant and requires detailed study in the scientific field and appropriate regulation at the legislative level. One of the most effective methods of implementing this is to study the systems of protection of state secrets of the world in order to borrow their leading experience. This article examines the foreign law enforcement experience of ensuring secrecy in combating crime by criminal police units based on the practice of countries such as the United States, Australia, Iraq, Britain, Poland, and others. Emphasis is placed on the fact that as a positive foreign experience in terms of ensuring secrecy in combating crime by the British criminal police, we can single out the statutory mechanism of prohibition through the court of media coverage of certain information containing information classified as restricted. According to the author, the practice of the United States of America to reduce to a minimum the number of documents containing information that is a state secret and its maximum storage exclusively in electronic form on special secure computers is noteworthy. It would be expedient to introduce, as a positive experience, several promising areas of implementation of foreign practice on issues of ensuring secrecy during the implementation of the operational and investigative activities by units of the National Police of Ukraine. It is proposed to introduce into the national criminal law the distinction between criminal actions by officials for failure to ensure secrecy during the operational and investigative activities, depending on the consequences caused and the type of rights and freedoms that have been violated.
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