Quality Management System of Higher Education: Structural and Functional Analysis
The article defines the essence of the quality management system of higher education, in particular the structure and functions. The author notes that it is the system of higher education that shapes human potential. It is determined that the development of the higher education system and improving its quality is a priority, a strategic goal of each state, as this development is associated with the development of the economy and society as a whole. It is proved that the modernization of the education system is aimed at ensuring its quality in accordance with the latest advances in science, culture and social practice. The quality of education is a national priority and a prerequisite for the national security of the state, compliance with international norms and requirements of the legislation of Ukraine on the implementation of the right of citizens to education. In addition, it is explained that the number of requirements for higher education is growing every year, which leads to the need to create and implement a quality management system that is compatible with the existing ISO standard for free economic zones. The components of the quality assurance system of higher education according to this standard are given and the procedures that are implemented to improve it are indicated. It is noted that the state standard of higher education determines the list of qualifications of the relevant educational and qualification levels, the list of areas and specialties for which specialists are trained in the free educational and qualification levels, as well as requirements for educational levels of higher education. Seven principles of implementation of the Bologna system in Ukraine are given, and it is proved that the means of ensuring the quality of higher education are enshrined in the Bologna Declaration. It is determined that in order to control and improve affairs in the field of higher education, a state body was established — the National Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education, whose goals are to guarantee the quality of services, recognize the quality of scientific results, ensure systemic impact. It is emphasized that quality education should be seen by the state and society as an instrument of social, cultural harmony and economic growth to build a competitive and strong state, and therefore the quality of higher education should be the subject of constant attention of researchers and reformers.
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