Organization of Social Security by Employers

Keywords: employment, collective agreement, social protection, monitoring, reinvestment, preventive measures


The article deals with the analysis of general trends in the labour market, which are characterized by a rapid increase in unemployment in Ukraine. The main reasons for such negative trends are outlined and the main changes in employment in 2020–2021 are highlighted. The definition of a socially responsible employer is given and its content is revealed. It was found that a socially responsible employer is not so much an economic entity that meets the requirements of applicable law, as an enterprise that voluntarily implements a number of other social measures targeted at the employee and necessary for the latter, based on the specifics of their employment. Practical methods of application of the system of rational bonuses and stimulation of employees to motivated performance of official duties are given. Some changes are proposed, which should be made in the Labour Code of Ukraine and establish the limits of liability of the employer for failure to comply with the labour (collective) agreement on social security of employees. Emphasis is placed on the need for a larger-scale information campaign aimed at refusing employees to take up their duties without proper contractual arrangements, as by agreeing to informal employment, the employee is in fact vulnerable. There are three main groups of responsibilities of the employer for social security: preventive, logistical, monitoring (evaluation). A separate block of questions is devoted to the review of the organization of social security for workers with special needs. The general idea and philosophy of creating initially socially oriented business is more widely disclosed. The role of business entities in the organization of social entrepreneurship as a promising component of private social security is analysed. Examples of business activities in this area are given. Emphasis is placed on the mandatory participation of the employer in the organization of the investigation of an accident or occupational disease at work as a prerequisite for the employee to receive certain types of social security, including social rehabilitation.


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Social Security