Social Partnership in Labour Regulation
The article reveals the importance of social partnership as a special type of social relations in a market economy, when inevitably arise and exacerbate problems of employment, unemployment, wages, income. It is emphasized that the social partnership plays a special role in regulating employment as the most important component of a socially oriented economy, which ensures the formation and use of labor potential, human capital development and its direct impact on the progressive economy and society. It is noted that social partnership in the field of employment involves the organization of partnership social interaction, ensuring constant dialogue between the parties in the field of labor relations to reach agreement on employment, providing unemployed with jobs, introducing new modern forms of employment, creating decent working conditions based on mutually beneficial agreements and their implementation at the micro, meso and macro levels of management of these processes. It is noted that the restrictions caused by the global spread of coronavirus disease through the introduction of quarantine measures have significantly affected the change in employment in the direction of reducing it, reducing income, living standards and quality of life, the spread of shadow employment without adequate social protection. It is determined that one of the leading problems that needs to be solved is the reform of the social partnership system. Cooperation of social partners on introduction of flexible forms of employment, development of vocational education, strengthening of social protection of workers as a tool for transition of workers to the formal employment sector, empowerment to combine work and family life, etc. will help increase the efficiency of labor market regulation in modern conditions. Implementation of employment policy in modern conditions will be facilitated by the introduction and development of joint social responsibility of partners in the social and labor sphere with a clear definition of various forms of responsibility for non-compliance with the agreements reached.
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