Foreign Relations as an Object of International Law
It is determined that when studying foreign relations as an object of international law, it is necessary to clearly establish its content and scope, as well as to distinguish it from other approximate concepts and terms. The understanding of the concept of «foreign relations» with the terms «foreign relations», «foreign affairs and international relations», as well as «the sphere of foreign relations» and «foreign affairs» is distinguished. Attention is paid to terminological and semantic differences between the concepts of «foreign relations» and «international relations». It is proved that international relations are defined as a systemic set of political, economic, social, diplomatic, legal, military and humanitarian ties and relations. These relations are between the main actors of the world community, which include peoples, states, social and public forces, movements and organizations. The opinion is substantiated that the concept of «foreign relations» is defined as part of the general system between state relations and international activities of each state, covering official, supported by special state bodies mainly political ties and relations between states and other subjects of international law in order to carry out their external functions by peaceful means in accordance with the basic principles of international law. It is established that the sources of regulation of foreign relations are numerous international agreements, both bilateral and multilateral. It is stated that foreign relations are regulated activities of the state on a coordinated, democratic basis in the field of official relations and relations, which is established and maintained by the entire system of foreign relations of each state to achieve their foreign policy goals by peaceful means provided by international law. Also, foreign relations are characterized by the following features: first, it is the official nature of the state’s activities in international affairs; secondly, the activity is carried out exclusively by authorized bodies; thirdly, in all cases, foreign relations must be carried out exclusively by peaceful means within the framework of international law. It is established that foreign relations as an object of international law can be defined as the activities of states, international organizations and other subjects of international law on a coherent, democratic basis in the field of official relations and relations, which is established and maintained by the system of foreign relations of such relations, in order to achieve common foreign policy goals by peaceful means provided for by international law, that is a manifestation of the realization by such subjects of their rights within the framework of international legal relations.
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